Baruch Spinoza

Holland
24 Nov 1632 // 21 Feb 1677
Philosopher

Quotes

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Only that thing is free which exists by the necessities of its own nature, and is determined in its actions by itself alone
One and the same thing can at the same time be good, bad, and indifferent, e.g., music is good to the melancholy, bad to those who mourn, and neither good nor bad to the deaf
It may easily come to pass that a vain man may become proud and imagine himself pleasing to all when he is in reality a universal nuisance
If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past
If men were born free, they would, so long as they remained free, form no conception of good and evil
I would warn you that I do not attribute to nature either beauty or deformity, order or confusion. Only in relation to our imagination can things be called beautiful or ugly, well-ordered or confused
I have made a ceaseless effort not to ridicule, not to bewail, not to scorn human actions, but to understand them
I do not know how to teach philosophy without becoming a disturber of established religion
I call him free who is led solely by reason
He alone is free who lives with free consent under the entire guidance of reason
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On Anger: "For every minute you remain angry, you give up sixty seconds of peace of mind."
Essays
On Destiny: "Our destiny exercises its influence over us even when, as yet, we have not learned its nature: it is our future that lays down the law of our today."
Human, All Too Human
On Friendship: "A crowd is not company; and faces are but a gallery of pictures; and talk but a tinkling cymbal, where there is no love."
Essays